УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Укажите, какие предложения соответствуют содержанию текста. Подтвердите свои ответы фактами из текста.

1. The rocks of the Earth's crust are divided into two main
groups.

2. Igneous rocks are composed of particles of pre-existing
rocks.

3. Sedimentary rocks are stratified.

4. Sediments are formed by the action of glaciers.

5. Igneous rocks make up 75 per cent of exposed rocks.

6. Conglomerates are formed as a result of the accumulation
of materials caused by the destructive mechanical action of water.

7. Sandstones are consolidated rocks.

8. Clays are unconsolidated mechanical sediments.

9. Chemical sediments are formed by the destructive chemical
action of water.

10. Peat and coal are the organic sediments which иге of УПРАЖНЕНИЯ great
practical value.

11. Clay schist was formed at the beginning of the sedimenta­
tion period and clay was formed later.


Unit 4______________________________________________ 93

10. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. What main groups of rocks do you know?

2. Do sedimentary rocks consist of particles of pre-existing
rocks?

3. How were igneous rocks formed?

4. Do you know how sedimentary rocks have originated?

5. What is the most important characteristic feature of sedi­
ments?

6. Do sedimentary rocks account for 10 per cent of the Earth's
crust?

7. Is gravel a consolidated mechanical sediment? And what about
sand and clay?

What are cementing substances? Can calcium carbonate be
used as a cementing substance?

8. Are there УПРАЖНЕНИЯ only fine-grained sandstones?

10. What can you say about chemical sediments?

11. Can you give an example of organic sediments? How are they
formed?

Найдите в правой колонке английские эквиваленты следующих слов и сочетаний слов.

Земная кора a) sandstone

Растворяться в воде б) fine-grained sand

3. песчаник в) the Earth's crust

Уплотненные осадки г) exposed rocks

5. изверженные породы д) to dissolve in water

Мелкозернистый песок е) like gypsum

Затвердевать ж) consolidated sediments

Подобно гипсу з) igneous rocks

Обнаженные породы и) to solidify, to consolidate

Б) Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты следующих сочетаний слов.

Coarse-grained sand а) разрушительная сила

Siltstone and shale воды

The destructive action б) пластовые месторождения

Of УПРАЖНЕНИЯ water в) доледниковый период

Existing rocks г) крупнозернистый (грубо-

Chemical decay зернистый) песок

Sedimentary rocks д) частицы вещества

Stratified deposits e) алеврит и сланец

Pre-glacial period ж) существующие породы

Particles of a substance з) осадочные породы


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